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8 Prehistoric Animals That You Should Know

This is the list of 8 prehistoric animals that you should know :

1. Triceratops

Name: Triceratops
Length: 9 m, height 3 m
Mass: 12 tons
Period: Late Cretaeceous (68 million years ago)
Eating: Nature


Triceratops means three horned face in Greek. This animal has horns along the 1 m by 2 pieces on top of his eye, and another shorter at the top of his nose. The most distinguishes this animal from other animals are capable of growing skull bones along the 2m, nearly one-third the body length. This animal fossils found in the Americas. This animal is not expected in groups and individually. Horn serves as his position against other Triceratops like deer at this time (courtship). These animals became the object of considerable research favored by scientists because of the many fossils are found.

2. Mammoth

Name: Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius)
Length: 5 meters (up to shoulder)
Mass: 12 tons
Age: Pliocene (4.8 million years ago)
Eating: Plants (usually in the form of a tree)

Mammoth is the ancestor of animals which we are familiar with the name of the elephant, and has a 3.3 m long tusks that are used during a fight or frighten the enemy. Mammoth fossils are often found in conditions that are still good for a very low temperature conditions. Habitat is a mammoth Balkan regions (Russia, Siberia and beyond). Mammoth is often also called woolled elephant or woolly elephant because of fur that protects the body (which can make it survive in extreme temperatures).

3. Velociraptor

Name: Velociraptor
Length: 2 m, (while standing, his height reached 1 m)
Mass: 50 kg
Period: Late Cretaeceous
Eating: The animals are smaller than his size

Velociraptor means high-speed thief (speedy thief). Has 30 long, sharp teeth, a flat beak, and neck shape like the letter "s ". Moving to the second leg (foot) was strong, and small size, this animal has characteristics similar to the cheetah. However, raptors often hunt in groups consisting of 3-10 tail raptor. Another distinctive feature of raptors (in addition to a strong second leg) is expected of her brain capacity has the same ability with chimpanzees (able to communicate with fellow raptors through specific sounds). Flight speeds reaching 40 miles per hour. Fossils of Velociraptor found in Russia, Mongolia, and China.

4. Pterodactyl

Name: Pterodactyl (pterosaurs)
Length: body while standing 3m, stretch wing reaches 10m
Mass: -
Period: Triassic (65.5 million years ago)
Eating: Plants and small animals such as snakes and fish

Pterodactyl comes from the Greek word meaning winged lizard (winged lizards). These animals are famous for their long beaks and wings that wide expanse (reaches more than 10 m). Researchers from Ohio University found there was one part of the brain that distinguish these animals with other vertebrate animals. Flocculi. Proportion flocculi pterosaurs in the brain reached 7.5%, and average vertebrates have only 1-2% flocculi inside his brain. This causes vision Flocculi pterosaurs became much better. However, a large proportion of this is more due to the wide expanse of wings, because in addition associated with the eye muscles, flocculi also closely related to sensory nerves work.

5. Smilodon

Name: Smilodon (Long-teeth cats)
Length: -
Mass: 55-300 kg
Period: Megantereon (2.5 million to 500,000 years ago)
Eating: herbivores (bison, deer, etc..)

Smilodon or known as the Sabre-tooth cat comes from the Greek, which means tooth chisel, found in the Americas. A unique feature of this animal is a canine tooth of a long (17 cm). Smilodon hunted in groups like lions today. However, the group is not dominated by males, because the same body size with females. Long canine teeth that are not used to attract a partner, so the social life of animals has not been widely known. Smilodon has a body that is more like a bear because the bear-like fur, and the abdomen is wide and short.

6. Temnodontosaurus

Name: Temnodontosaurus
Length: 9 m
Mass: 15 tons
Period: Early Jurassic (196 million years ago)
Eating: The squid and small fish

Temnodontosaurus an underwater predator that has a stunning swimming stamina, which allows him to swim to the bottom of the sea to search for prey. Fossils were found in the waters of the United Kingdom and Germany. The characteristics of these animals are her large, 20 cm. These animals like dolphins today, because of their long beaks and fins are flat.

7. Tyrannosaurus

Name: Tyrannosaurus Rex
Length: 12 m, height 6 m
Mass: 7.5 tons
Period: Cretaeceous (68 million years ago)
Eating: plant-eating animals
Tyrannosaurus Rex
Tyrannosaurus Rex

Tyrannosaurus rex in greek language support means that cruel king lizard. Just as the raptors, T-rex has two legs, the neck resembles the letter "s", and has a tail as a counterweight movement. T-rex had a large skull (1.5 m) surrounded by muscle tissues are strong so that makes it able to easily chew their prey. These animals are found in the Americas and Asia Continent (Tarbosaurus). Arm these animals is quite small, just over 1 m and have not found actual function of this arm. Recent research (April 2008) says that T-rex has a kinship with the birds, alligators, and ostrich. Although his body is big enough, the T-rex have a lot of muscles that enable it to run at speeds 40-70 km / h. Another capability of this animal is capable of smelling the smells of the great distances that can compare with the vultures at the moment. Until now, this is still a debate whether the T-rex was a scavenger hunt or the animal.

8. Coelacanth

Name: coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae)
Length: 2 m
Mass: 80 kg
Period: mid-Devonian (410 million years ago)
Eating: The squid and small fish

Coelacanth which comes from the Greek which means hollow spine (spine / backbone that grooved) is estimated to have become extinct since the Cretaceous era. But the surprising discovery continued to arrive over the discovery of this animal in the waters of Tanzania, Madagascar, Kenya, and Indonesia, precisely Bunaken National Marine Park (My city ^_^). Although these animals die after being arrested fishermen, this animal is believed to still exist and live in deep water (> 700 m). Coelacanth including one of a living fossil because it almost did not change significantly in this animal physically from time to time.

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1 comment:

  1. Velociraptors had physically powerful jaws with rows of bladed teeth. These, in combination with huge claws on their forelimbs and sickle-shaped talons on the second toe (the size of these claws could arrive at up to the length of the teeth on extinct saber-toothed cats), gave the animals some imposing weaponry.I liked your blog, Take the time to visit the me and say that the change in design and meniu?